Early Middle Ages
The Early Middle Ages is a period in European history from 5th to the 10th century between the
decline of Roman Empire and the High Middle Ages. The Early Middle Ages followed the decline of Roman Empire and preceded the High Middle Ages period. The period is known history as the “Dark Ages”.
During this period, Roman Empire became weaker and weaker that taxes were not collected by the government. Many cities suffered from a decline in population due to constant wave of wars. The rich culture, learning, and civilizations almost disappeared entirely in many locations.
As the Roman Empire declines, Theodosius recruited Germanic people to become Roman soldiers. Eventually, these soldiers migrated moved in and to become Romans.
Several smaller kingdoms form inside the Roman Empire itself. The Visigoths settled in Spain, the Ostrogoths in Italy, the Vandals in Northern part of Africa, and the Saxons in Germany. Even the huge armies of King Arthur moved in too. In 451 AD, these invaders fought with the Roman soldiers to push the back the Huns.
In the early 530s AD, Roman emperor, Justinian, began reclaiming all western Roman territories that were lost throughout the years. From the ruins of Constantinople, Justinian rebuilt a new church that became the center for new religion. Justinian reasserted his power and rebuilt the capital in the name of god and himself.
Justinian armies reclaimed Northern part of Africa from the Vandals, some part of Spain from the Visigoths, and Italy from the Ostrogoths. These wars weakened the Roman empire even more.
In 542 AD, bubonic plague spread throughout the Empire. It was one of the most feared diseases during medieval times which killed millions of people from the Empire.
Due to bubonic plague, the Lombards took advantage of this event and conquered northern Italy from the Romans.
By 600s, Islamic parties reunited Syria and Jerusalem, Spain, and North Africa. By 780s Charlemagne duplicated the idea and declared France and Germany, as the Holy Roman Kingdom. The eastern part was rebuilt by the Slavs and Vikings too.
Notable Names during the Early Middle Ages
- Alaric I
- Flavius Stilicho
- King Arthur
More Information and Facts about Early Middle Ages
- History of Visigoth Wars – History and timeline about Visigoth’s wars